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We had seen earlier the interesting belly face of Shiva’s assistant in the Mahabalipuram great penance panel. While i was discussing this with Kathie sometime back, she immediately recognised a similar face ( brilliantly) this time from an early Chola temple - situated 50 kms from Trichy - compared to the later temples this pocket sized temple is packed with so much of sculptural beauty - The magnificent Koranganathar temple in Srinivasanallur,

srinivasanallur koranganatha temple.jpg

The temple is situated on the banks of the river Cauvery at Srinivasanallur. It is not a ‘living’ temple. “..Early Chola temples were small with no walls around them. Koranganatha temple 50 km from Trichy is the garbhagriha-and-mandapa type with beautiful sculptures on every surface. The base of the wall has a row of sculpted mythical animals called yazhi that is a special feature of Chola architecture. The first floor is made of bricks which have been plastered. This temple is a prototype of south-style architecture…” Takeo Kamiya in Architecture of the Indian SubContinent

Well, beautiful sculptures is putting it mildly, we will see the beauty of its sculptures in subsequent posts. But today we are to see just a panel - a decorative lintel panel, called Thorana or more correctly a Magara Thorana. This sculpture kind of symbolises the entire temple, for the amount of detailing that’s gone into this piece of stone is mind blowing. Lets take a look at the panel now.

Srinivasanallurpanel.jpg

Set high above the wall above two spectacular damsels ( we will see them later - just that dont want to divulge from the subject) the myriad of creatures - from mythical riders riding spectacular lion yaazhis, who themselves emerge from the mouths of larger Yaazhis, they seem to be at war with each other or just sporting ( This seems to be a popular motif among Cholas - with more definition for such sculptures in Pullamangai, Big temple and Darasuram - we will see them also soon)

The two Ganas.JPG

The main character in the panel seems to be Vishnu as the Boar saving Mother Earth - he is shown with four hands - with the top two hands holding up his standard weapons, he is full of victorious/ triumphant energy - see him sporting her on his left lap - Mother Earth is all devotion, relieved at being rescued shown praying with folded hands. That the sculptor has gone to such lengths to portray even the Naga King and queen in such a miniature but with intricate details ( see them just coming into frame under Varaha murthy)

Our friend tiger belly again.jpg

Noticeably one of the Ganas has the head of a bull - the one to the extreme left bottom. - just abvoe him is our little friend. We saw him in the Mallai penance panel - her he is again, this time upto more mischief, making faces by pulling his mouth with his index finger. The tiger yazhi in the belly seems more gruesome here. Have one more instance of such a belly faced Gana in Pullamangai ( if readers find any more please send us), not all Ganas are depicted thus. So do they have a name, a specific role - like the bull head one, the tiger belly etc??

Words cant be found, no praise too much to drink in this splendid creation. Just makes you sit back and let it fill your senses.

Thanks to Shriram for the temple pictures ( more to come) and Kathie for the panel and for identifying this for me.

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Category: Sculpture

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This entry was posted on Saturday, December 20th, 2008 at 8:09 and is filed under . You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

11 Comments so far

Shanthi Palaninathan
  1  

Hi Vijay,
Enjoyed reading your ‘poem’ very much.Excellent photos too.

December 20th, 2008 at 19:31
  2  

Hi Shanthi

Thanks for your kind words, all credit to the master sculptor.

rgds
vj

December 21st, 2008 at 10:33
Srinivasan N. (Cheenu)
  3  

Vijay just one thing… you mentioned that the great Koranganatha is not a living temple.. of course I heard it elsewhere… you and many of your other illustrious friends are quite active in restoration of temples….

what is with this Koranganatha temple - can you enlighten me as to why and after whom is this temple called the Koranganatha temple.. I suppose it is a Shiva temple… is it different from the Moovar temple…which is also another early Chola/Muttairayar masterpiece just like Koranganatha.. plus also Pullamangai Brahmapuriswarar…

Is the Garbha Griha of Koranganatha empty? (idolless - just like the Chenna Kesava temple of Somnathpur - there out of three Vishnus the garbha griha at the centre is empty - but has probably been replaced with another Keshava idol)

If you look at the overall structure of Koranganatha… it appears that it and other early chola temples are all built as mini or medium-sized replicas of Kanchi Kailasanatha… this is because the even earlier Pallava temple the Shore temple is pretty conical in structure… am I right?

I will wait for your reply?

December 23rd, 2008 at 14:20
  4  

hi Cheenu

Kathie is on her visit to India and hence we need to wait for her to come back ( but with more spectacular collections)

reverting on the rest

rgds
vj

December 23rd, 2008 at 18:43
Srinivasan N.
  5  

yeah revert soon, I’m waiting for your answers to my questions, as I was very keen to know.

December 24th, 2008 at 12:32
Kathie Brobeck
  6  

I’m back. . . So much resting on me. . . Can’t answer all your questions cause I can’t remember if there was a SivaLingam in the Garbha Grha or not. Do know that the temple is no longer in worship. By the way, what does Koranganatha mean? It is very much like Pullamangai & Kodumbalur, that’s for sure. Is it like Kailashanathar also? not sure.

January 27th, 2009 at 0:35
Janamejayen
  7  

Hi vijay,

on Yazhi, I have a question. Who among pallavas, pandyas, cholas started the yazhi?

Thanks.

August 17th, 2011 at 14:02
Ragavendar
  8  

Hi,
I am visiting to lot of historical places and temples,thanks for your guidence to srinivasanallur.

August 22nd, 2011 at 23:36
Ragavendar
  9  

Hi

Last week i went to my most favourite and admirable person rajarajacholaI tomb near kumbakonam, this i would like to share with you.

August 22nd, 2011 at 23:40
  10  

Hi,

I wish it were proved to be the great Emperor’s tomb. will wait for further evidences from the scholars

rgds
vj

August 23rd, 2011 at 8:15
V.Jeevananthan
  11  

opening times…is it closed in the afternoons?

October 26th, 2011 at 17:20

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