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Garuda and Hanuman were my favorite characters and i used to get drunk on Amar Chitra Katha books. They had some wonderfully illustrated color pages and text.

garuda cover.jpg

So today, i share one such story and support it with a sculpture from Tirukurungudi ( thanks to our latest contributor - Sri Giridharan - who has shared his vast collection of photos - we will feature more of his contributions in the coming weeks). Garuda is so well know not only in India but all over south East Asia - Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam….

angkor
angkor thom
angkor wat 2.jpg
cambodia
garuda danang musuem
nepal
prasatkravan

The story of Garuda’s birth and deeds is told in the first book of the great epic Mahabharata. Garuda’s father was the creator-rishi Kasyapa. His mother Vinata and her sister Kadru - both gave birth in a strange manner. Vinata laid two eggs and her sister a thousand. In due course the 1000 of Kadru hatched into snakes, anxious that her eggs had still not hatched, in her haste Vinata tried to open one of her eggs. Sadly, the baby was only partially formed - he advised his mother to be patient with the remaining egg, and flew off to be the charioter of the Sun - he is called Urud or Aruna. ( incidentally his sun is our famous Vulture Jataya who valiantly fought Ravana while he kidnapped her in his flying chariot).

The sibling rivalry between Vinata and Kadru was intense. One day both of them saw the divine white horse - Uccaihsravas, which is one of the precious items that emerged from the churning of the milk ocean ( along with Koustubam - the jewel that adornes the chest of Vishnu). Vinata was struck by its fabulous white mane, while the wicked Kadru was jealous of her and tricked her into a bet. She said the white horse had a brown tail, Vinata was sure that it was pure white - and so accepted the bet - if it were brown she and her sons would be enslaved to Kadru. Kadru now sought the help of her snakes sons - who quitely went and covered the tail of the horse - so that next day when both the sisters went to the garden they saw Uccaihsravas with a brown tail ! Vinata had lost the bet and her son was destined to be born into bondage.

Wisned by the experience Vinata waited patiently for her remaining offspring - Garuda first burst forth from his egg, he appeared as a raging inferno equal to the cosmic conflagration that consumes the world at the end of every age. Frightened, the gods begged him for mercy. Garuda, hearing their plea, reduced himself in size and energy.

Resolving to release his mother from this state of bondage, Garuda approached the serpents and asked them what it would take to purchase her freedom. Being mortally scared of Garuda and his powers, the snakes named their price - nothing less than the drink of immortality - elixr of Amrit. It was a superhuman task for the Gods guarded Amrit, since it was the source of their immortality. They had ringed the elixir with a massive fire that covered the sky. They had blocked the way to the elixir with a fierce mechanical contraption of sharp rotating blades. And finally, they had stationed two gigantic poisonous snakes next to the elixir as deadly guardians.
( There is another version of this legend which says the snakes wanted Garuda to bring them the moon whose spots were filled with Amrit)

Now, we take a detour to a offshoot and the sculpture part of this post, before returning to the main plot. As he had just hatched, Garuda was ravishingly hungry, and sought out his mother to feed him. The mother not used to feeding birds, advised him to go to the seashore and find beings to eat - but warned him not to harm any Brahmins and if he did so, he would have a terrible burning sensation in his stomach. Garuda went to the seashore and ingested a whole village of fisher folk - including their animals, houses and all. Suddenly he felt a burning sensation in his belly and realised his folly, he spat out the Brahmin, who requested him to spare his wife ( a fisherwomen!) - Garuda did as his command and went to meet his father Kasyapa for advise on feeding.

Kasyappa advised him to proceed to a lake where an Elephant and a Tortoise were fighting. The tortoise was said to be eighty miles long ! and the elephant one hundred and sixty !! Garuda swooped on them and caught them both in his claws and perched on a huge tree to devour them ( the tree was eight hundred miles high !! wow). However, the weight of all of them broke the branch and to his horror Garuda found many Rishis praying ( tied upside down) on the branch. Lest he harm them, he swiftly caught the branch in his beak, still holding the elephant and the tortoise in his claws, flew to a nearby mountain peak - there he let loose the rishis and finished his meal of the two foes!!!

Now, for the sculpture, adding the Amarchitra Katha shots as well.

Amarchitra katha 1
Amrchitra katha 2
Amarchitra Katha3

This lovely sculpture is from Tirukurngudi - watch the detailing of the strength of Garuda, the elephant and the tortoise and he branch in his beak with the upside down rishi’s. Amazing.

Garuda tirukurungudi 1
Garuda Tirukurungudi 2
Closeup Garuda tirukurungudi
Garuda thirukurungudi 3
Garuda tirukurungudi 4

The rest of the legend for those interested to now - Garuda hastened toward the abode of the gods intent on robbing them of their treasure. Knowing of his design, the gods met him in full battle-array. Garuda, however, defeated the entire host and scattered them in all directions. Taking the water of many rivers into his mouth, he extinguished the protective fire the gods had thrown up. Reducing his size, he crept past the rotating blades of their murderous machine. And finally, he mangled the two gigantic serpents they had posted as guards. Taking the pot of elixir, he launched again into the air and headed toward the eagerly waiting serpents.

Garuda_by_Hyougushi_in_Delhi
amrit garuda.jpg

En route, he encountered Vishnu. Rather than fight, the two exchanged promises. Vishnu promised Garuda the gift of immortality even without drinking from the elixir, and Garuda promised to become Vishnu’s mount.

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tirukovilur

Flying onward, he met Indra the god of the sky. Another exchange of promises occurred. Garuda promised that once he had delivered the elixir, thus fulfilling the request of the serpents, he would make it possible for Indra to regain possession of the elixir and to take it back to the gods. Indra in turn promised Garuda the serpents as food.

At long last, Garuda alighted in front of the waiting serpents. Placing the elixir on the grass, and thereby liberating his mother Vinata from her servitude, he urged the serpents to perform their religious ablutions before consuming it. As they hurried off to do so, Indra swooped in to make off with the elixir. From that day onward, Garuda was the ally of the gods and the trusty mount of Vishnu, as well as the implacable enemy of snakes, upon whom he preyed at every opportunity.

Thirukurungudi Photos: Mr. Ashok and Mr Giridharan
Tirukoilur Garudan pic: Mr. Sathiyan

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This entry was posted on Thursday, January 15th, 2009 at 5:39 and is filed under . You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

22 Comments so far

திவா
  1  

ஆஹா! அற்புதம்!

January 15th, 2009 at 7:56
  2  

i love amar chitra katha too..wonderful story

January 15th, 2009 at 18:42
Satish Kumar A
  3  

Beautiful Vijay. Thanks. I never knew this story and it was really enlightening. And the Tirukurungudi sculpture….wow the essence of the story is well caught by the sculptor…amazing piece of work.

Thanks.
Satish

January 15th, 2009 at 23:25
GRS
  4  

Vijay: The ACK scanned pages bring nostalgia. I had that specific book. The moment I saw the first picture, I said to myself ‘that is from amar chitra katha’. So where is this Tirukurungudi? The sculpture details are amazing.

January 16th, 2009 at 1:55
S.Muruganandam
  5  

Dear Vijay,
Indeed a very good collection of Photos of Garudan and the story is also very nice.

Adiyen is also having a blog on Garuda Sevai http://garudasevai.blogspot.com you can use the pictures in those blogs and if you need high resolution photos I will mail them to you.

Also adiyen request your permission to use these sculptour photos in adiyen’s blogs.

Let Shriman Narayana bless you for this wonderful service.

January 17th, 2009 at 9:25
  6  

Dear Muruganandam,

Thanks for the offer , pl do send us your pictures. You are free to use our collections as long as its not for commercial use and if you place a link back to us.

rgds
vj

January 18th, 2009 at 7:05
  7  

Dear GRS,

Thanks, AMC had such an impact. We had carried a special on Thirukurungudi some time back. Here is the link for more sculptures from there.

http://www.poetryinstone.in/lang/en/2008/09/25/an-intro-post-on-tirukurungudi-a-guest-post-mr-kannan.html

rgds
vj

January 18th, 2009 at 7:08
Ram vittal
  8  

The photo shots of sculptures are amazing..
Nice flow of description.. Amazing work… cheers,
Ram Vittal

January 20th, 2009 at 22:14
  9  

Hi Ram

Thanks. ACK was one of my fav and credit goes to them for the beauty of their illustration and coverage of legends.

rgds
vj

January 21st, 2009 at 5:30
  10  

Hi,

You have used one of my photo in your blog post “http://www.poetryinstone.in/lang/en/2009/01/15/garudanin-kathai-thirukurungudi.html#comments’ with out my permission nor any credit & name. Please do correct it and provide the credits.

My original photo upload in flickr - http://www.flickr.com/photos/yessathiyan/2529625211/

Regards,
Sathiyan

January 21st, 2009 at 13:33
  11  

hi Sathiyan

Thanks, hv put in the credits. Your site is amazing, especially the Yaali

http://photopage.wordpress.com/sathiyan-clicks/

Please do share more of your amazing works with us

b rgds
vj

January 21st, 2009 at 14:00
  12  

Hi Vj,

I appreciate prompt & fast action. Thanks.
You can use my photos for education purposes with credit. Just a mail will do.

Regards,
Sathiyan

January 21st, 2009 at 20:42
anandhinatarajan
  13  

hi vj,
thanks.The biggest Kal garuda(stone) is at Nachhiyarkoil.At urchavam 4persons carry him then8,16 ,32,64.The weight will increase and need more people.Same way the weight will decrise when he return

July 17th, 2009 at 8:22
Prasanna
  14  

Bingo.. wonderful. To be precise, i read the same specimen of amar chitra katha you read. But this is awesome. I remind my childhood days

November 11th, 2009 at 17:28
Radha Kanta Das
  15  

Wonderfull addition to my personal files on Ancient Hinduism. I think it’s great. Everything I use out of here is for my own privat Religious files and use, no more. Thank you for the wonderful job. Dandavats!

August 10th, 2010 at 22:59
sanmargam kathiravan
  16  

The first and I ever seen this type of information cause a picture worth 1000 words. Valge unggal sevai

December 3rd, 2010 at 7:12
  17  

tks prasanna

@ Das - thanks for the nice words

@ Kathiravan - Nandri

anbudan
vj

December 3rd, 2010 at 9:42
Pradeep Chakravarthy
  18  

Called Peria Thiruvadi or the bigger feet of vishnu while Hanuman is called siriya thiruvadi, Garuda is vishnu’s prefered vehicle. The Vijaynagar kings had his image on their flags as well

February 10th, 2011 at 13:43
Kathie B.
  19  

Thanks for prompting me to come back to this post. The 5th Garuda in the SE Asian series of photos is in Nepal, right?

February 25th, 2011 at 18:34
Kathie B.
  20  

I meant the 6th photo, can’t count

February 27th, 2011 at 19:38
  21  

Very interesting and amazing find, delighted to see perfect interpretations of icons and sharing those with us, kudos to you :),

February 22nd, 2012 at 10:27
Kannan Raghavan
  22  

It is very good information about Garudan. Really so much so is involved in his creation.
To understand fully repeatedly read the information. Thanks for such a valuable piece of information.

February 29th, 2012 at 18:57

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