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An interesting discussion in Agathiar forum by Dr Jaybee set me up on this post. Thanks to his expert guidance we could understand this much misunderstood sculpture. He had mentioned about this sculpture of Shiva feeding piglets - an interesting episode from the 64 acts of Shiva, which was (is) wrongly depicted as Varahi ( one of the seven mothers in the saptha matrikas). So we had our antennas out for this sculpture in Madurai and Tirupparankundram. But we got a chance glimse of this episode,couple of days before we reached Madurai and tiruparankundram, n a relief panel in Chidambaram just as completed our darshan there.

thillai  - feeding piglets

The interesting part of this sculpture is the line of praying pigs to the left of the panel ( your right as you view it). We will see this as the post progresses.

Ok, the puranam aka story first.

There was once a farmer named Sugalan in a small village called Athimanimaadamuthoor near Madurai. He and his good natured wife were pious and led a astute life. In sharp contrast were their 12 sons. They did all sorts of irresponsible and bad stuff including neglecting their farming duties, teaming up with the hunters in the forest and hunting for sport. During the pursuit of one such hunting expedition, they came across a shrub in which a ascetic was doing penance. They disturbed him for fun, pelting him with stones and hitting him with their arrows. Enraged the ascetic cursed them to born as piglets and to loose their parents at a young age and lead a miserable life. Realising their folly, the misguided youth fell at the ascetic’s feet and begged for his forgiveness and a way out of their curse. Seeing them repenting, the ascetic relented and told them that Lord Shiva himself will redeem them from their curse.

In due course, they were born as piglets and the Pandyan king who had ventured into the forest felled their parents. The piglets were left at the mercy of the elements and devoid of even nursing at their mother’s breasts. Taking pity on them, the loving shiva in his infinite mercy, himself took the form of a pig, sprouted breasts and nursed them and redeemed them from their curse. .

So, armed with the knowledge, we set on our search to find this pillar. It was not inside the Madurai Meenakshi Amman temple precincts ( remember this was after our sojourn with the Bronze gallery) - when we were directed to the Pudhu Mandabam. We were sufficiently warned that it was taken over by commercial establishments and spotting anything lest alone searching for a sculpture would be impossible, better to return early in the morning and request the watchman to open up !! But we stood our ground and went for a quick run, scouting for anything that resembled the legend. As luck could have it, we spotted it at exactly the opposite end of the Pudhu (new) mandabam. A few requests for the friendly shop keeper to resettle his wares and we could take our shots. ( we did return the next day for some more of the bottom panels )

madurai pudhu mandabam
madurai shiva

Is it Shiva or Varahi?

axe on right hand and left hand damaged
lovingly embracing the piglets and feeding

Well its definitely shiva for you can clearly see the Axe blade being held in his right hand, the left hand has unfortunately broken off.

But some interesting panels in the foot of the pillar tell the full story

The hunter felling the mother pig.

hunter slaying the mother pig

There were piglets allover, clamoring to be fed. Its the same episode for sure

piglets clamoring up
piglets waiting in line to be fed

The clincher - our line of grown ups ( pardon the angle - the steel chairs didn’t make life easier for us!)

piglets now grown up

Armed with this knowledge, we headed to tiruparankundram and were pleasantly surprised to see an exact replica ( ok, some important differences at the base) - but the basic composition was the same, but sadly named as Vaarahi and anointed with turmeric allover !!!

tiruparankundram shiva 1

Another angle showing the same styling of the sculpture as the one from Madurai

side view tiruparankundram

Including the line of impatient piglets

piglets

Again , is he Shiva? Can you spot his attributes.

axe and deer on the hands
axe and deer on the hands 1

I did mention a difference, didn’t I, the hunter is shown here shooting down the mother pig from the side of the panel and the carcass is shown inside the main sculpture.

hunter, slain mother pig and grownups.jpg and grown ups

By the way, did you notice the line of grown ups just coming into frame in the bottom of the last picture….a common factor in all three !!

Whats more interesting is a paired pillar to this - which contains an even more interesting aka rare depiction of Shiva from the Thiruvilaiyaadal Puranam. We shall see that is a subsequent post. But with all this clinching evidence, hopefully someone will restore the rightful name for this sculpture in Thiruparankundram.

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This entry was posted on Tuesday, January 12th, 2010 at 17:01 and is filed under . You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

12 Comments so far

Kathie B.
  1  

fascinating. Wish I’d noticed when there. As far as I know Varahi never nurses. In Orissa she’s very scary and her vahana is the buffalo, as is Yama’s

January 12th, 2010 at 17:16
  2  

Super as Usual !!!!! :)

January 12th, 2010 at 17:52
  3  

விஜய்,
நம்பமாட்டீர்கள்! இந்த திருப்பரங்குன்றத்து பன்றிக்கு பாலூட்டும் சிலையைப் பார்த்தபோது (சுமார் 4 மாதங்களுக்கு முன்) கல்லிலே கலைவண்ணத்துக்கு லாயக்கான படம் என்று நினைத்தேன், இன்று வெளிவந்துவிட்டது. பார்க்கலாம்.. அதிகாரிகளுக்கு கடிதம் போடுகிறேன். நேரிலும் சென்று பார்க்கிறேன்…
சந்திரா

January 12th, 2010 at 22:35
  4  

திருப்பரங்குன்றம் சிற்பத்தை சைட் போஸில் பார்த்தால் இப்போவும் வாராஹி மாதிரியே இருக்கிறது. அதனால் தான் தடுமாற்றமே. இப்போ சிற்பங்களின் படங்களைப் பெரிது பண்ணிப் பார்த்தால் பாலூட்டும் காட்சி நன்கு தெள்ளத் தெளிவாய்த் தெரிகிறது. மற்றொரு சிற்பம் மீனாக்ஷி கோயில் இல்லைனு உறுதியாத் தெரிஞ்சது. என்றாலும் புதுமண்டபத்தைப் பார்த்தே பல வருடங்கள் ஆகிவிட்டதால் புரியலை! :(((((( புதுமண்டபத்தில் சிற்பங்களை இந்த அளவுக்கு உங்களால் பார்க்க முடிந்ததே அதுவே பெரிய விஷயம்!

January 13th, 2010 at 12:05
Satish
  5  

wonderful post. Really a valuable post to educate many like me. Keep it up.

January 13th, 2010 at 13:00
  6  

@ Kathie - yes, but need to do a detail post on saptha maatrika panels. will do shortly

@swami - tks for following regularly !!

@ Chandra - கண்டிப்பாக உங்கள் உதவி தேவை. இவற்றை சரி செய்ய வேண்டும்

@ கீதா அம்மா - புது மண்டபம் இல்லை அது புது மார்கெட் - வேற எதுவும் சொல்றதுக்கு இல்லை.

@ satish - Tks for the nice words. me too learning ….

vj

January 13th, 2010 at 14:45
திருநாவுக்கரசு
  7  

நெற்றிக் கண்ணைத் திறப்பினும் குற்றம் குற்றமே - Part 2 ன்னு சொல்லுங்க ..

உங்கள் வேள்வி சிறக்க வாழ்த்துக்கள் !!!

January 18th, 2010 at 13:07
Shankar Subramanian
  8  

Good post as always

January 18th, 2010 at 18:07
  9  

I’m sorry, I meant to say that I would have thought it was Nandi, if I hadn’t read this post.

April 14th, 2010 at 11:09
  10  

hi ashok - varahi is the current `in’ deity. so everyone wants to cash in.

nandhi - well only on pradhosam day !! even gods have their days

cheers
vj

April 15th, 2010 at 5:20
Ravi Venugopal
  11  

We discussed this in PS also. Kundram was the pallava time build right, Varahi also a pallava deity - possibly some link happened that way.
Lot of interesting things in Kundram, Somaskanda present during the marriage of Skanda and the carving of Hanuman during the marriage. Either we are missing timelines or we had a rather extraordinary visionary carving those sculptures!

May 26th, 2011 at 17:13
  12  

Good analysis Vijay, I saw these, but didn’t know the art of summing it up

May 27th, 2011 at 17:49

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