As an ornament and fashion accessory, Rings have always held their sway over mankind. It needed minimum work, shaping or piercing and was easy to put on take off, if you add the digits in the toe, you could wear 20 ( yeah it was worn on the thumbs as well) - and add to it the tag of love - engagement, wedding, wealth , power - you get the larger aura surrounding a ring. In the age of emails and digital signatures, the value of the Emperor’s crust or the Clan’s standard could be easily and safely carried on person with the Ring. No wonder,its tradition goes back almost 4800 years ( thanks wiki !!) but then that would mean trying to fix a date for India’s two greatest Epics. Pending the verdict, wouldn’t want to dwell more on it, but to mention that the ring plays a vital role in Ramayana, with Sita identifying Hanuman as a messenger of her Lord on seeing his ring on him and also in the reunion of Shakunthala with Dushyant, who forgets his marriage and his own son Barath, due to the sage’s curse, and then reminded by seeing his ring from inside the belly of fish ….we the great lineage of Barath trace our antecedents. More recently, the impact of the Lord of the Rings triology, showcased the power of the rings in middle earth!!!

Well, today we go in search of one such a ring, as we try and merge two different fields - Ornaments and Bronzes, as we figure the answer to a complex problem - of fixing reasonably accurate dates for bronzes. Many thanks to Mr Raman, for once again taking time to provide us with quality photographs, which also reinstate our request for viewers to try and take many photos of bronzes from Museums world over.

It all began with the 1000th year celebration of the Tanjore Big Temple, and the thoughtful exhibition that was organised to go with it. Mr Raman had documented the exhibition extensively and one of his albums had this exhibit of Chola period ornaments. One struck our eye, for its not often you get to see actual exhibits of period ornaments, and there is very sparse written details on them.


Being avid enthusiasts, we started talking about the ring that was being exhibited there.


He had also photographed quite a number of bronzes that were being exhibited with some detailed closeups of their hands and rings !! ( Most of the exhibits were from the Chennai Egmore Museum, but out there there are inside glass cases that are a nightmare for photography).

So, logical progression was to check the bronzes to see, if he could find a matching ring.

For that we needed a good closeup of the ring, first up.


What a fantastic ring !!

First up, is this CE 10th Century, bronze Parvathi, from Kodaikkadu, Vedaranyam Taluk, Nagappattinam district.


Just too stunning a bronze, but lets focus on the rings for now.


The rings are pretty plain ones, almost like thick wires with some amount of artistic work done on them


Next up, we shift another Century, This CE 11th Century Bronze Parvathi with an assistant is from Tiruvengimalai, Trichy


Lets go a bit closer and study if the ring style / fashion has changed in this 100 years.


The fashion industry has definitely caught up, we see a more pronounced set stone in the center, with flower bud/petal like patterns around it.

Another example from the same period, the splendid Ardhanari 11th C CE, from Tiruvengadu , Mayiladuthurai.


The Umai ( left) side, has her delicate hand as we zoom in for the ring


The style here might be slightly before the previous Parvathi. Maybe this was early part of the 11th C, you can see the ring becoming more flattened at the centre and more definition in its design - shaping up like a ring now.

We might need to study a few more samples in the 12th and 13th C, but we met our result in the next exhibit. This Paravathi from Devarkandanallur, Tiruvarur District.


The date of this bronze is a bit unclear, as while she was in the Chennai Museum she was given a 14th C CE date, while the Tanjore Exhibition gave her a 15th C Date. ( will study the Catalogue and do a post on why she is given such a late date shortly !)


But, on the topic of this post, we did find the ring on her.


The Characteristic styling is pretty evident.


So now comes the tricky question. What is the date for this ring?

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Category: Sculpture

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18 Comments so far


Excellent Vijay,Your eyes and views are amazing.Nobody so far has studied so deeply any sculpture. The ring matter will bring a new image for you. I’ve also visited the exhibition but didn’t noticed it, though reputed scholars were with me discussing the sculptors.

October 18th, 2010 at 15:45

Thanks selvaraj sir, credit goes to Mr Raman. lot more to learn from him. Most of the bronzes, we took detailed closeups to study, without realising that it will come of help like this.


October 18th, 2010 at 16:05
venkata rao

nice study

October 18th, 2010 at 20:06

Excellent Vijay


October 18th, 2010 at 20:59
Raja Simman

மிகவும் அருமை விஜய் அவர்களே…
தங்கள் தேடல் தொடரட்டும்.

October 19th, 2010 at 17:08

Excellent idea to study I am eagerly looking forward to the treatise you will eventually deliver!!

October 20th, 2010 at 14:35

thank you Dr Ravishankar. spent sometime on your site. btw, would you have a photo of the artist and his paintings - the one who paints using chalk and charcoal in ranganathan street?


October 21st, 2010 at 9:54
Kathie B.

I didn’t even understand that those shapes above were rings, now I see. thank you.

October 23rd, 2010 at 1:05

me too kathie. thanks to Mr Raman.


October 23rd, 2010 at 20:04

Super.I realised what we missed in jewellery sculpture

November 11th, 2010 at 12:53

I was born and brought up in Devarkandanallur. There was a very old ruined Siva temple in 70’s. This statue with ring must have been collected from there. Now I don’t reside in this village. As I am very much interested in Archaelogy, I have been very much exited to have seen this statue with my native village name. Excellent work done by Mr.Vijay. Hats up.

November 23rd, 2010 at 13:45

thanks Anandhi.

@ Moorthy. welcome to poetryinstone and glad to know about your interest in Archaeology.


November 24th, 2010 at 7:22

You are the “Lord” of the Rings, Vijay :)

December 13th, 2010 at 22:16
Ayyampet J.Balachandran

Dear Vijay,
Your eyes are really superb and your views are magnificent.You deeply see the Umai Ammai sculpture in vulture view. Keep it up in this regard.Please inform me in your future visit to Tanjore art gallery. I want to see in person.

February 14th, 2011 at 22:06

dear sri Balachandran

will surely let you know of future trips. since i do reside outside the country, normally june and dec are the two months, when we try and cover maximum sites


February 15th, 2011 at 7:00

Vijay ur interest in the bronzes have induced me to learn the subject, i thank you for the same.

December 11th, 2011 at 11:36
சுகவன முருகன்

ஒரு வகை நெளி மோதிரம்!

July 7th, 2012 at 22:07

Yes, Sugavana Murugan. There is so much to learn in our heritage


July 17th, 2012 at 12:32

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