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God knows when mankind’s obsession with ornaments began. From cowry shells to pottery beads to Palm lead ear rings, there has been quite a steady progression, till the yellow metal with its gem stone companions decided to up the ante. After that there was no looking back but today we are going back in time, when Rulers donated elephant loads of Gold and not stopping at seeing how their lockers would look like, we are going to look at how they dressed up their Gods. Why this sudden obsession you may ask, the objective is to seek out a rare ornament, a reclusive jewel, that shares its name with the famous Prince of Kishkindha - Angad.

We are aided in our search by two magnificent Chola bronzes - both from Newyork - one from the Metropolitan Museum and the other from the Brooklyn Museum.

shiva_chandrasekara_brooklyn
vishnu_met_museum

Both are dated around the 10th C CE, we have Shiva as Chandrasekara and Vishnu - both are in Samabanga ( straight profile) with their characteristic attributes in their upper hands ie. Shiva his Axe and Deer while Vishnu has his Discus and Conch.

The Brooklyn Museum has a interesting account of how it sourced this fantastic bronze ( thanks to the link for the photo credits)

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We will start with the Vishnu from the Met first.

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vishnu_met_museum

The crown - Krita is exquisite and there is a small band that goes just at its base - this is called the Pattika. Depending on the kind of embellishments that go on it - it can be called a Rathna Pattika etc.

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Being a Chola bronze, assigned to the 10th C CE ( 970 CE - am not sure how such a sure date can be assigned), the sacred thread falls in a pretty straight forward manner over the chest to the waist ( compare with the early Vishnu Bronzes post where the thread goes over the right forearm - called the niveeta manner of wearing it )

Then comes the characteristic stomach band - not essentially a belt to hold the lower garment but more like fashion accessory worn just around the floating rib - the Udara Bandana,. ( btw, the belt is called the Kati Bandana)

We cross over to the hands to see if we can spot the elusive ornament. This arm band is called the Keyura.

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Thanks to Rajesh & karthik’s excellent illustrations on their site Aakruti , we have access to some wonderful Iconographic illustrations to help us understand them better.

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The things to note are the belt buckle - the Simha Mukha and the lose stylishly flowing U shaped lower garment is the Kati Vastra.

Notice the right hand held in the protective Abhaya Hasta

AbhayaHasta

The left hand hangs loosely and rests on the left hip in a stylish mudra - called the Katyavalambita pose with the hand resting as the Kati Hasta.

KatiHasta

Still no sign of the Angada?

Let us see if we can spot it in the Chandrasekara Bronze.

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The right hand is held in the Abhaya Hasta as in the Vishnu bronze but the left hand is different.

There are two very similar poses, the Kataka hasta and the Simha karna Hasta.

KatakaHasta
SimhaKarnaHasta

There is not much between the two, except for a slight extension on the middle finger in the Simha Karna. The Kataka Hasta however, is normally seen in bronze figurines of Goddesses, usually to hold a flower ( fresh flowers inserted in the hands of the deity). So, when we analyse the posture, we do spot the slight extension on the middle finger, we could possibly identify as Simha Karna. ( Sri Gopinath Rao in Elements of Hindu Iconography kind of uses both almost interchangeably - need to refer more works to differentiate / define)

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Now for our elusive Angada - its a arm ornament, but we did not spot any so far. Well, its because it is well hidden. We actually need to go behind to notice it.

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Do you spot it - yes, its the Angada. An upper arm ornament !

Picture courtesy: Aaakruti, Brooklyn Museum and the Metropolitan Museum.

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Category: Sculpture

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This entry was posted on Wednesday, October 5th, 2011 at 20:28 and is filed under . You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

5 Comments so far

venkata rao k.g.
  1  

congrats work leavealone the good work iwonder how u choose topics like this or who gives u sugestions to u may u bring more essays like this

October 9th, 2011 at 17:58
  2  

thanks mr Rao,

Just that there is such a wealth of information available and its a enjoyable journey - that we are sharing with all. thanks for your nice words of encouragement. Please do feel free to suggest topics / subjects as well

rgds
vj

October 11th, 2011 at 8:16
injavaven
  3  

a new word added to my glossary, and my very fave Vishnu Murthi. Thanks VJ

October 14th, 2011 at 15:28
rhoda
  4  

very interesting …and after reading this ..suddenly i realised that the word bandana (as in for the cloth used in modern times !!) is actually from bandana that you have mentioned in the post !!!

October 14th, 2011 at 17:11
  5  

hi rhoda

Bandana - to tie…root

rgds
vj

October 18th, 2011 at 10:17

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