Today we are to see a very unique depiction of Vishnu in his fish incarnation. Matsya (Fish in Sanskrit) was the first Avatar of Vishnu in Hindu mythology. Matsya Avatar or the Fish Incarnation is the first of the ten Divine Incarnations or Dasavatars of Lord Vishnu. Vishnu is the Preserver of the Universe in the Holy Trinity or Trimurti of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva in Hinduism.
A Kalpa, meaning one cycle of existence, with a span of 4320 million years, in Hindu Mythology, is equal to one day of Brahma, the Creator of the Universe. On the verge of completion of each Kalpa, and one day of Brahma, Brahma falls asleep. When he does so all of Creation, dissolves into his sleep, signifying the end of Creation. Except, the Vedas are immutable and beyond destruction. Their habitat is inside Brahma. They contain the instructions for Creation, and are hence indispensable to resume the Divine Creational Process. Bhagvat Purana, reports, that once Brahma yawned and the precious Vedas, flowed out of his lips.
Matsya Avatar Meanwhile, Hayagriva, the Asura or demon, scheming to gain the desired immortality, a prerogative of the Devas or gods, was wandering nearby. He instantly stole the Vedas and devoured them. Such insidious intent of the Asura, precipitated a crisis. Vishnu, who feigned Nidra or Sleep, witnessed the entire offence. He was speculating on how to retrieve the treasured Vedas, when he located the pious King Satyavrata, offering prayers to Vishnu, with his waist deep down in water. Satyavrata is also called King Manu.
Vishnu immediately assumed the shape of a tiny fish and swam into Satyavrata`s hands. Vishnu, in the disguise of a fish, entreated Manu, who is virtue personified, to save him from being engulfed by the big fish. The kind Manu put the small creature inside a vessel, full of water. Overnight, the fish outgrew on a surprising scale. Manu had to shift him from the vessel into a bigger tank. But the fish continued growing abnormally. It requested Manu for larger space to live, and Manu accordingly kept it in a pond. Manu, exhorted by the enlarging fish, then dropped it in the greater expanse of a large lake. However, the growth rate did not stop escalating. Finally, the bewildered Manu, impelled by the fervent appeal of the mammoth fish for enormous space, placed him in the ocean. But the fish urged Manu, not to leave him in the ocean. Otherwise, the gigantic ocean-beings would swallow him. It was then that the devout Satyavrata, already amazed by the extraordinary growth-speed of the magical fish, pledged it to disclose its actual identity.
Lord Vishnu made his Celestial Revelation before the awed Manu. Satyavrata, instantly bowed down before him and wished to know the reason behind the Lord`s appearance in the frame of a fish. The omniscient Lord, informed him about the forthcoming Pralaya or Destructive Forces that would vanquishing the Earth, with Great Deluge- “I have manifested for the protection of this universe and for the destruction of the wicked. Just a week from now, the ocean will rise and inundate the entire Universe. At that time you will see a spacious boat approaching you. Do collect all the seeds , plants and animals required for the next spell of creation and get into the boat and wait for me. Take Vasuki, the King of Snakes. The Sapta Rishi or the Seven Sages will also be with you.”
Matsya Avatar left to accomplish its mission. He tore apart the Asura Hayagriva, and collected the lost Vedas.
As had been predicted by the Divine Fish, an all-annihilating flood occurred. Meanwhile, a boat appeared where Satyavrata was waiting with the seeds, plants and animals, and the Sapta Rishi, to take refuge in the boat amidst death`s clutches. When everybody had boarded the huge boat, the boat was fastened to the Fish`s horn, with Vasuki serving as the rope ( as i remember reading in Amar Chitra Katha). They sailed in the turbulent water, all through the night of Brahma`s single day. Vishnu thus, rescued life from ceasing. He also by giving shelter to all the creatures, maintained the flow of life that will perpetuate in the next Created Cosmos.
The Matsya Avatar of Vishnu focuses the perpetual love and concern of the benevolent Vishnu,
Ok, but generally vishnu is depicted with a human form waist up and a fish form – ( as is evident from this pillar from srirangam)
But today we see a unique depiction with the forms reversed. Fish upper body and a human lower body – this is from Belur. A very unique and cute sculpture.
chandra and others had doubts if this was depiction of Varaha ( boar avatar). appending the relevant sculptures from the same location
12 thoughts on “A unique depiction of Vishnu Fish incarnation”
beautiful depiction..I remember seeing the sculpture in Halebeedu or Dwarasamudra as it was called when it was the capital of the Hoysala Dynasty
May be a boar? The background does not augment that it is a fish. Why I have this doubt is that the boar, Sun,Moon and a sword are all inclusive in the Vijayanagara Kingdom emblem.
I will some more to Vijay, from Varadaraja Perumal temple, Kanchipuram.
This is most certainly a fish – there are atleast 2 depictions of the boar incarnation in halebid and they are the more traditional ones, will add to the post.
Great photos! Do you know about these Sanskrit books?
how do u say that its a fish, it looks like varaha avatar
I visited the link given by you and found that first of all there is no connection between the books you are promoting or wanting to sell, good though they are, they are about yoga, hatha yoga etc. etc. and have nothing to do with temples, sculpture or architecture.
Pls. remember all of us are not into physical excercise but are deeply into mental relaxation that we try to achieve through diving deep into architecture, history, sculpture etc. and derive our energies from the enormous sense of fulfilment and contentment.
If you have anything tangible about art and sculpture, you are most welcome, otherwise pls. pursue your marketing elsewhere.
It is indeed fish. Dear Chandra Sir, it is an exquisite Hoysala creation and the fish which could easily be mistaken for a bore, but see closely, the eyes are protruding marginally out and are completely round, like that of a fish and it is a front or forward looking fish (with its mouth and eyes forward and tail on the rear as in real life). In the sculpture the front portion of the fish with eyes and mouth (but mind you no ear) and rest of the body with human limbs have been marvelously merged to give us the standing fish-human form of Matsaya Avataram.
Anyone getting confused only needs to look again and again at the close up of the photo.
Thought that Matsya Avatara was from Somnathpur. Not a bore at all, very stimulating.
Thanks for setting me straight.
For about a month now, i have been reading the posts in your blog ,which is i should say an awesome compilation of sculptures of the south. I am very much interested in religion, history, art, architecture,philosophy and the like. I appreciate your posts very much for their content and rich photographs.
Do take a look at my post on talakadu and somnathapura here:
and leave your comments too.
Lovely work. Would welcome you to join us in presenting more such beauties. will write to you in person
Hi.. Thanks for this informative article. I really liked it. I also came across this similar site with nice articles and videos on vedic prinicples – http://www.vichaar.tv/home.php
Thanks for sharing RK.